ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Epigenetic silencing of genes enhanced by collective role of reactive oxygen species and MAPK signaling downstream ERK/Snail axis: Ectopic application of hydrogen peroxide repress CDH1 gene by enhanced DNA methyltransferase activity in human breast cancer

Pradhan, Nibedita and Parbin, Sabnam and Kar, Swayamsiddha and Das, Laxmidhar and Kirtana, R and Seshadri, Suma G and Sengupta, Dipta and Deb, Moonmoon and Kausar, Chahat and Patra, Samir Kumar (2019) Epigenetic silencing of genes enhanced by collective role of reactive oxygen species and MAPK signaling downstream ERK/Snail axis: Ectopic application of hydrogen peroxide repress CDH1 gene by enhanced DNA methyltransferase activity in human breast cancer. In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-MOLECULAR BASIS OF DISEASE, 1865 (6). pp. 1651-1665.

[img] PDF
Bio_Bio_Act_Mol_Bas_Dis_1865_6_1651-1665_2019.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbadis.2019.04.002

Abstract

Loss of E-cadherin and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) are key steps in cancer progression. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play significant roles in cellular physiology and homeostasis. Roles of E-cadherin (CDH1), EMT and ROS are intriguingly illustrated in many cancers without focusing their collective concert during cancer progression. We report that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) treatment modulate CDH1 gene expression by epigenetic modification(s). Sublethal dosage of H2O2 treatment decrease E-cadherin, increase DNMT1, HDAC1, Snail, Slug and enrich H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 in the CDH1 promoter. The effect of H2O2 was attenuated by ROS scavengers; NAC, lupeol and beta-sitosterol. DNMT inhibitor, AZA prevented the H2O2 induced promoter-CpG-island methylation of CDH1. Treatment of cells with U0126 (inhibitor of ERK) reduced the expression of DNMT1, Snail and Slug, increased CDHL This implicates that CDH1 is synergistically repressed by histone methylation, DNA methylation and histone deacetylation mediated chromatin remodelling and activation of Snail and Slug through ERK pathway. Increased ROS leads to activation of epigenetic machineries and EMT activators Snail/Slug which in their course of action inactivates CDH1 gene and lack of E-cadherin protein promotes EMT in breast cancer cells. ROS and ERK signaling facilitate epigenetic silencing and support the fact that subtle increase of ROS above basal level act as key cell signaling molecules. Free radical scavengers, lupeol and beta-sitosterol may be tested for therapeutic intervention of breast cancer. This work broadens the amplitude of epigenome and open avenues for investigations on conjoint effects of canonical and intrinsic metabolite signaling and epigenetic modulations in cancer.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier B.V.
Keywords: Epigenetics; Breast cancer; DNMTJ; E-cadherin; Reactive oxygen species; Histone modification
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2019 10:26
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2019 10:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/62858

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item