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Many-body localization due to correlated disorder in Fock space

Ghosh, Soumi and Acharya, Atithi and Sahu, Subhayan and Mukerjee, Subroto (2019) Many-body localization due to correlated disorder in Fock space. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 99 (16).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.99.165131

Abstract

In the presence of strong enough disorder one-dimensional systems of interacting spinless fermions at nonzero filling factor are known to be in a many-body localized phase. When represented in `Fock space,' the Hamiltonian of such a system looks like that of a single `particle' hopping on a Fock lattice in the presence of a random disordered potential. The coordination number of the Fock lattice increases linearly with the system size L in one dimension. Thus in the thermodynamic limit L ->infinity, the disordered interacting problem in one dimension maps on to an Anderson model with infinite coordination number. Despite this, this system displays localization which appears counterintuitive. A close observation of the on-site disorder potentials on the Fock lattice reveals a large degree of correlation among them as they are derived from an exponentially smaller number of on-site disorder potentials in real space. This indicates that the correlations between the on-site disorder potentials on a Fock lattice has a strong effect on the localization properties of the corresponding many-body system. This intuition is also consistent with studies of quantum random energy model where the typical mid-spectrum states are ergodic and the on-site potentials in Fock space are completely uncorrelated. In this work we perform a systematic quantitative exploration of the nature of correlations of the Fock space potential required for localization. We study different functional variations of the disorder correlation in Fock lattice by analyzing the eigenspectrum obtained through exact diagonalization. Without changing the typical strength of the on-site disorder potential in Fock lattice we show that changing the correlation strength can induce thermalization or localization in systems. From among the various forms of correlations we study, we find that only the linear variation of correlations with Hamming distance in Fock space is able to drive a thermal-MBL phase transition where the transition is driven by the correlation strength. Systems with the other forms of correlations we study are found to be ergodic.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Ms Ranganayaki RS
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 12:32
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 12:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/62658

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