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A Study of the Strain Rate Microstructural Response and Wear of Metals

Kailas, SV (2003) A Study of the Strain Rate Microstructural Response and Wear of Metals. In: Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 12 (6). pp. 629-637.

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Titanium (Ti) and copper (Cu) pins were slid against alumina in a pin-on-disk machine at a load of 50 N and sliding speeds varying from $0.1 \hspace {2mm} to \hspace {2mm} 4 ms^{-1}$. The evolution of the microstructure in the subsurface of the material and the wear rate was co-related to the strain rate microstructural response of the material in uniaxial compression, at different strain rates $(0.1-100 \hspace {2mm} s^{-1})$ and temperatures (298-673 K). The strain rates and temperatures in the plastically deforming zone near the surface of the pins were determined using noniterative methods. The strain rates were found to be in the region of $100 \hspace {2mm} s^{-1}$ near the surface and decreases as one moves into the sub-surface of the pin. The temperatures increased as the speed increased. These estimated strain rates and temperatures were superimposed on the strain rate microstructural response maps of these materials. The uniaxial compression test results of Ti showed adiabatic shear banding as a microstructural mechanism that evolves at high strain rates $(\geq 10 \hspace {2mm} s^{-1})$ and lower temperatures (<575 K). Adiabatic shear bands are sites of easy crack nucleation and propagation. When Ti is slid at low speeds the near surface region of the pins deform in the adiabatic shear banding regions in the strain rate microstructural response map. At such speeds the wear rate is found to be high and reduces as the sliding speed is increased, when the material undergoes a more homogeneous deformation. The microstructural response of Cu under uniaxial compression showed that the material undergoes flow banding at intermediate strain rates $(1 \hspace {2mm} s^{-1})$ and temperatures of up to 473 K. The subsurface microstructure of the pins slid at low speeds showed subsurface cracking and sheet like debris formation. This happen at lower speeds because the flow banding and crack nucleation is expected in the subsurface where the strain rates and temperatures are lower. The present test results show a clear relation to exist between the strain rate response of the material in uniaxial compression and its subsurface microstructural evolution and wear rate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: The Copyright belongs to ASM International.
Keywords: Adiabatic Shear Banding;Flow Banding;Homogeneous;Deformation;Microstructural Response;Strain;Rate;Wear
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Nagaraj Vaidya
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2006
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 11:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/6242

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