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Greywater treatment in aerobic bio-reactor with macropore mesh filters

Khuntia, Himanshu Kumar and Hameed, Sadiya and Janardhana, Naveen and Chanakya, Hoysall (2019) Greywater treatment in aerobic bio-reactor with macropore mesh filters. In: JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING, 28 . pp. 269-276.

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Official URL: http://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jwpe.2019.02.013

Abstract

The aerobic treatment technologies such as membrane bioreactor (MBR) and sequential batch reactor (SBR) fail to address the techno-economic challenges of a small scale, household greywater (GW) treatment, therefore this research proposes a novel, amended, aerobic bioreactor design containing a macroporous nylon mesh filter (MF), submerged in aerobic bioreactor (MMBR) for the simultaneous treatment and particulate filtration of wastewater not limited to only GW. The research was focused on understanding the interplay of MF submerged depth, the orientation of MF (vertical and horizontal) and mesh pore sizes (50 mu m and 100 mu m) on the effluent quality and fluxes. The performance of MMBRs was mainly influenced by the MF orientation and its submerged depth in the reactors, whereas, MF pore sizes had no consequential impact on the performances. Higher rates of biofouling in horizontally positioned 100 mu m MF coincided with the gradual reduction in effluent flux from 1.6 m(3)/m(2).h to nearly 0.2 m(3)/m(2).h, relatively lower effluent COD of 50 mg/1 (90% removal) and turbidity of 29 NTU (56% reduction). In contrast, the continuous self-erosion of biofilm from the horizontally positioned 50 mu m MF discharged effluent with relatively higher COD, turbidity and flux respectively. Metagenomic analysis revealed the domination of phylum Proteobacteria and several microbial communities known to degrade recalcitrant household chemical compounds (HCPs). The microbial community dynamics of MF biofilm was distinctive to the suspended microbes in its vicinity, with a comparatively lower microbial population and diversity with respect to the suspended microbes.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to JOURNAL OF WATER PROCESS ENGINEERING
Keywords: Greywater; Sequential batch reactors; Macro mesh; Membrane bioreactor; Metagenomics
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 May 2019 15:21
Last Modified: 24 May 2019 15:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/62401

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