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Initial Studies on Development of High-Performance Nano-structured Fe2O3 Catalysts for Solid Rocket Propellants

Chandru, Arun R and Patel, Rekha P and Oommen, Charlie and Raghunandan, BN (2019) Initial Studies on Development of High-Performance Nano-structured Fe2O3 Catalysts for Solid Rocket Propellants. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, 28 (2, SI). pp. 810-816.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b16635

Abstract

Space launch vehicles and strategic military vehicles commonly employ composite solid rocket propellants containing Fe2O3 as ballistic modifier. Nanoscale catalysts, including nanoscale Fe2O3, have been reported to exhibit superior activity in the thermal decomposition and combustion of composite rocket propellants. However, scalable methods to prepare such nano-structured catalysts with high performance as ballistic modifiers and systematic studies relating the synthesis parameters to the catalyst characteristics and consequently to the thermal and combustion properties of the composite propellant are scarce. In this paper, we report a novel and facile route to prepare nano-structured Fe2O3 with enhanced catalytic activity in the ballistic modification of ammonium perchlorate (AP)-based composite solid rocket propellant. A submerged spray precipitation method using air-assisted liquid-centered coaxial atomization has been developed to prepare these nano-structured Fe2O3 catalysts. The prepared Fe2O3 catalysts possess higher surface area and exhibit superior activity in the thermal sensitization of AP, leading to an 88% increase in the burning rate of AP-based composite solid rocket propellants, than the Fe2O3 catalyst prepared via traditional precipitation method. Merits of the developed preparatory route, influence of the atomization process on the nano-structure morphology and subsequent benefits of these nano-structured catalysts on the ballistic properties of AP-based propellants are demonstrated and discussed in this paper.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Symposium on Additive Manufacturing (AM) of Metals - Microstructure and Materials Properties held during MS and T Symposium, Pittsburgh, PA, OCT 08-12, 2017
Keywords: advanced characterization; aerospace; catalyst; nano-materials; nano-processing; propulsion
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2019 07:49
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2019 07:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61940

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