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Highly Electroactive Ni Pyrophosphate/Pt Catalyst toward Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Theerthagiri, Jayaraman and Cardoso, Eduardo SF and Fortunato, Guilherme V and Casagrande, Gleison A and Senthilkumar, Baskar and Madhavan, Jagannathan and Maia, Gilberto (2019) Highly Electroactive Ni Pyrophosphate/Pt Catalyst toward Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 11 (5). pp. 4969-4982.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b18153

Abstract

Robust electrocatalysts toward the resourceful and sustainable generation of hydrogen by splitting of water via electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) are a prerequisite to realize high-efficiency energy research. Highly electroactive catalysts for hydrogen production with ultralow loading of platinum (Pt) have been under exhaustive exploration to make them cutting-edge and cost-effectively reasonable for water splitting. Herein, we report the synthesis of hierarchically structured nickel pyrophosphate (beta-Ni2P2O7) by a precipitation method and nickel phosphate (Ni-3(PO4)(2)) by two different synthetic routes, namely, simple cost-effective precipitation and solution combustion processes. Thereafter, Pt-decorated nickel pyrophosphate and nickel phosphate (beta-Ni2P2O7/Pt and Ni-3(PO4)(2)/Pt) were prepared by using potassium hexachloroplatinate and ascorbic acid. The fabricated novel nickel pyrophosphate and nickel phosphate/Pt materials were utilized as potential and affordable electrocatalysts for HER by water splitting. The detailed electrochemical studies revealed that the beta-Ni2P2O7/Pt (1 mu g.cm(-2) Pt) electrocatalyst showed excellent electrocatalytic performances for HER in acidic solution with an overpotential of 28 mV at -10 mA.cm(-2), a Tafel slope of 32 mV.dec, and an exchange current density (j(0)) of -1.31 mA.cm(-2), which were close to the values obtained using the Vulcan/Pt (8.0 mu g.cm(-2) Pt), commercial benchmarking electrocatalyst with eight times higher Pt amount. Furthermore, the beta-Ni2P2O7/Pt electrocatalyst maintains an excellent stability for over -0.1 V versus RHE for 12 days, keeping j(0) equal after the stability test (-1.28 mA cm(-2)). Very well-distributed Pt NPs inside the cages on the beta-Ni2P2O7 structure with a crystalline pattern of 0.67 nm distance to the Ni2P2O7/Pt electrocatalyst, helping the Volmer-Tafel mechanism with the Tafel reaction as a major rate-limiting step, help to liberate very fast the Pt sites after HER. The high electrocatalytic performance and remarkable durability showed the beta-Ni2P2O7/Pt material to be a promising cost-effective electrocatalyst for hydrogen production.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ACS Publications.
Keywords: hydrogen evolution reaction; nickel; phosphate; platinum; pyrophosphate
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2019 09:09
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2019 09:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61881

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