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Long-period structural modulation on the global length scale as the characteristic feature of the morphotropic phase boundaries in the Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 based lead-free piezoelectrics

Das Adhikary, Gobinda and Khatua, Dipak Kumar and Senyshyn, Anatoliy and Ranjan, Rajeev (2019) Long-period structural modulation on the global length scale as the characteristic feature of the morphotropic phase boundaries in the Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 based lead-free piezoelectrics. In: ACTA MATERIALIA, 164 . pp. 749-760.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2018.11.016

Abstract

The inherent structural disorder has a profound effect on the dielectric, ferroelectric and the electromechanical response of the Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (NBT) based lead-free piezoelectrics. While analogous to the lead-based classical morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) systems the existence of MPB has been recognized in some derivatives of NBT displaying enhanced electromechanical response, there is a lack of clarity on the structural state of the MPB compositions on NBT-based systems on the global length scale. We have examined this issue on the well known MPB system (1-x)Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-(x)K0.5Bi0.5TiO3(NBT-KBT) by carrying out structural investigations on local and global length scales using Eu+3 photoluminiscence and high-resolution neutron powder diffraction techniques, respectively. Our study reveals that the MPB of this system is characterized by the onset of a long-period modulated structure with a periodicity of similar to 40 angstrom on the global scale. Temperature depedent neutron diffraction study revealed that the intermediate temperature P4bm phase which appears in NBT is suppressed for the MPB composition. The MPB composition rather develops a long-period modulated phase on cooling from the cubic phase. The ergodic-nonergodic relaxor ferroelectric transition occurs within this long-period modulated phase. In the non-ergodic regime, however, strong electric field irreversibly transforms the long-period modulated phase to the rhombohedral ferroelectric (R3c). We demonstrate that thermal depolarization of this system is a distinct structural event characterized by the system losing its field-induced long range rhombohedral (R3c) coherence and transforming back to the long-period modulated phase. Our study suggests that the long-period modulated phase is the primary structural feature of the MPB compositions in NBT-based piezoelectrics. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords: Lead-free piezoceramics; Crystal structure; Neutron diffraction
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 05:42
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 05:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61758

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