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In Situ Neutron Diffraction Studies of LiCe(WO4)(2) Polymorphs: Phase Transition and Structure-Property Correlation

Munirathnappa, Archana K and Dwibedi, Debasmita and Hester, James and Barpanda, Prabeer and Swain, Diptikanta and Narayana, Chandrabhas and Sundaram, Nalini G (2019) In Situ Neutron Diffraction Studies of LiCe(WO4)(2) Polymorphs: Phase Transition and Structure-Property Correlation. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 123 (2). pp. 1041-1049.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b09364

Abstract

Polymorphs of LiCe(WO4)(2) alpha-LiCe(WO4)(2) and beta-LiCe(WO4)(2)] were successfully synthesized by a citric acid-assisted sol-gel method for the first time. Phase purity and crystallinity were confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and further characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Raman, and thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis measurements. Investigation of the effect of calcination temperature and time indicated the existence of an irreversible structural phase transition from low-temperature (LT) beta-phase to high-temperature (HT) alpha-phase, which is systematically followed by in situ HT powder neutron diffraction (NPD) studies. Rietveld refinements using NPD data revealed that alpha-LiCe(WO4)(2) crystallizes in tetragonal Scheelite-type structure (I4(1)/a), while beta-LiCe(WO4)(2) crystallizes in triclinic alpha-LiPr-(WO4)(2)-type structure (P (1) over bar). Furthermore, beta-LiCe(WO4)(2) undergoes a reconstructive phase transition where WO6 of the beta-phase rearranges to WO4 at HT in alpha-phase and is supported by Raman measurements. Anodic redox activities of these polymorphs were determined by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. Interestingly, beta-phase has shown promising results compared with that of alpha-phase, which is attributed to the easy Li-ion diffusion in between the parallel layers of WO6 and also to the greater structural stability of the beta-phase. Thus, our initial understanding on the structure-property of these LiCe(WO4)(2) polymorphs provides insights into the design of new insertion anode electrodes for Li-ion batteries.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 05:55
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019 05:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61708

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