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Retreating rate of Chaturangi glacier, Garhwal Himalaya, India derived from kinematic GPS survey and satellite data

Bisht, Harish and Rani, Meenu and Kumar, Kireet and Sah, Saurabh and Arya, Prakash Chandra (2019) Retreating rate of Chaturangi glacier, Garhwal Himalaya, India derived from kinematic GPS survey and satellite data. In: CURRENT SCIENCE, 116 (2). pp. 304-311.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.18520/cs/v116/i2/304-311

Abstract

The regular monitoring of glaciers is important to determine their retreating rate and mass balance for overall glacier health. Chaturangi glacier, a major inactive tributary of the Gangotri glacier system was selected for the present study due to its dynamic nature and also because there are no previous records of its retreating rates. In order to reconstruct past retreating rates, total area loss, volume change and shift in snout position were measured through multi-temporal satellite data from 1989 to 2016 and kinematic GPS survey from 2015 to 2016. The results obtained from satellite data indicate that in the last 27 years Chaturangi glacier snout has retreated 1172.57 +/- 38.3 m (average = 45.07 +/- 4.31 m/year) with a total area and volume loss of 0.626 +/- 0.001 sq. km and 0.139 km(3) respectively. The field measurements through differential global positioning system survey revealed that the annual retreating rate was 22.84 +/- 0.05 m/year. The large variations in results derived from both the methods are probably because of higher difference in their accuracy. Nevertheless, the results derived from both the methods are in agreement that Chaturangi glacier is retreating at a considerable rate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to INDIAN ACAD SCIENCES
Keywords: Glacier snout; kinematic survey; retreat rate; satellite data
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2019 08:44
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 08:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61695

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