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Seismic site classification and amplification of shallow bedrock sites

Panjamani, Anbazhagan and Katukuri, Arun Kumar and Reddy, GR and Moustafa, Sayed SR and Al-Arifi, Nassir SN (2018) Seismic site classification and amplification of shallow bedrock sites. In: PLOS ONE, 13 (12).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208226

Abstract

This study attempts to develop empirical correlations between average penetration resistance ((NSPT-R) over bar), averaged velocities over depth up to bedrock depth ((VS-R) over bar) and 30 m ((V-S30) over bar) for shallow depth sites (having bedrock at a depth less than 25 m). A total of 63 shallow sites were assessed for penetration resistance values up to the bedrock from Standard Penetration Tests (SPT) and dynamic soil property analysis, i.e., Shear Wave Velocity (V-S) from Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves. The study shows that 30 m averaged shear wave velocities are more than the average velocity up to bedrock depth in shallow bedrock sites because of inclusion of rock site velocity. Furthermore, averaged SPT-N((NSPT-R) over bar) and average V-S ((VS-R) over bar) up to bedrock depth were correlated with the 30 m average((V-S30) over bar) values. This is the first attempt in developing empirical relationships of this kind for seismic site classification. These correlations can be made useful for seismic site classification of sites in regions with Standard Penetration Test (N-SPT) values and limited V-S values. Further surface and bedrock motion recordings of 12 selected KiK-net shallow depth sites were collected and amplifications were estimated with the respective peak ground acceleration, spectral acceleration and thereby related to the average shear wave velocity up to bedrock and 30 m. The results show that the amplification is better correlated to the (VS-R) over bar than (V-S30) over bar for shallow depth sites, and more data can be added to strengthen this correlation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2019 09:24
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2019 09:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61484

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