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THE HIGH TEMPORAL DETECTION OF LAND SURFACE FREEZE AND THAW STATES VIA A COMBINATION OF PASSIVE MICROWAVE ESTIMATES

Norouzi, Hamid and Prakash, Satya and Azarderakhsh, Marzi and Beale, Christopher and Blake, Reginald (2018) THE HIGH TEMPORAL DETECTION OF LAND SURFACE FREEZE AND THAW STATES VIA A COMBINATION OF PASSIVE MICROWAVE ESTIMATES. In: IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE INTERNATIONAL GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING SYMPOSIUM, JUL 22-27, 2018, Valencia, SPAIN, pp. 7165-7167.

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Abstract

The states of the Earth surface in terms of high-latitude freeze and thaw (FT) cycles significantly impact many physical applications that include biogeochemical transitions, hydrological phenomena, and ecosystem evolution. We have shown that land surface emissivity estimates have great potential for use in the detection of FT states since that parameter primarily depends on surface characteristics instead of on direct use of brightness temperatures. This study aims to investigate the potential of merging passive microwave sensors and their land surface emissivity estimates from Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Earth Observing System (AMSR-E), Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I), AMSR2, and the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Microwave Imager (GMI) to provide high temporal resolution (sub-daily) FT states. This factor is of critical importance and usage, primarily during the transitions between freeze and thaw that frequently occur at sub-daily time-frames in spring seasons. Data fusion techinques were used to construct diurnal estimates in order to accurately predicting the exact time of the freeze-thaw transition for a variety of land cover types and geographical regions. The results revealed that emissivity difference values between low and high frequencies (such as 10.7 GHz and 89GHz) at horizontal polarization from multiple platforms have a strong correlation with ground-based soil temperature diurnal values at 5-cm depth. Evaluation of the proposed approach with independent ground observations from year 2015 to 2017 showed that the data fusion of land surface emissivities in high-latitudes was able to notably capture the frequent FT transitions.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: 38th IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Valencia, SPAIN, JUL 22-27, 2018
Keywords: Freeze and thaw; passive microwave; emissivity; diurnal cycle; land cover type
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2019 08:42
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2019 08:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61463

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