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High Contrast Grating based Intrinsic Fluorescence Enhancing Substrates for Water Contamination Detection

Gupta, Surendra MVN and Ameen, E and Menon, Sruti and Krishna, Lal AS and Raghunathan, Varun and Pesala, Bala (2018) High Contrast Grating based Intrinsic Fluorescence Enhancing Substrates for Water Contamination Detection. In: HIGH CONTRAST METASTRUCTURES VII, 10542 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2289741

Abstract

Water quality monitoring has become important in today's scenario due to severe chemical and bacterial contamination in urban and rural water bodies. However, current monitoring methods do not provide fast and reliable results. By using intrinsic fluorescence, microbial contamination and industrial pollutants in water can be monitored in real-time, continuously and at very low concentrations. Intrinsic fluorescence can be enhanced by using High Contrast Gratings (HCGs) spectrally tuned to the fluorescence signatures of pollutants. Compared to metallic gratings which suffer from higher losses especially at lower wavelengths and are easily prone to oxidation, an all dielectric approach can overcome these limitations. HCGs using silicon nitride as grating material on a glass substrate are optimized to detect the presence of tryptophan (a bio-chemical marker for bacterial contamination) and phenanthrene (chemical contaminant) Tryptophan and phenanthrene have a fluorescence emission wavelength of 340 nm and 420 nm respectively. HCGs are optimized to enhance fluorescence emission at both of these wavelengths. The optimized grating parameters for tryptophan are: period: 206 nm, duty cycle: 0.8 and thickness: 226 nm and for phenanthrene are: period: 262 nm, duty cycle: 0.8 and thickness: 265 nm. The optimized HCGs show an electric field enhancement of four and eight times for tryptophan and phenanthrene respectively, concentrated in the air region between the gratings which would result in enhanced fluorescence.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Conference on High Contrast Metastructures VII, San Francisco, CA, JAN 29-31, 2018
Keywords: Water quality; spectroscopy; fluorescence; FDTD; gratings
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Depositing User: Francis Jayakanth
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2019 10:22
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 10:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61409

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