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GWAS and colocalization analyses implicate carotid intima-media thickness and carotid plaque loci in cardiovascular outcomes

Franceschini, Nora and Giambartolomei, Claudia and de Vries, Paul S and Finan, Chris and Bis, Joshua C and Huntley, Rachael P and Lovering, Ruth C and Tajuddin, Salman M and Winkler, Thomas W and Graff, Misa and Kavousi, Maryam and Dale, Caroline and Smith, Albert V and Hofer, Edith and van Leeuwen, Elisabeth M and Nolte, Ilja M and Lu, Lingyi and Scholz, Markus and Sargurupremraj, Muralidharan and Pitkanen, Niina and Franzen, Oscar and Joshi, Peter K and Noordam, Raymond and Marioni, Riccardo E and Hwang, Shih-Jen and Musani, Solomon K and Schminke, Ulf and Palmas, Walter and Isaacs, Aaron and Correa, Adolfo and Zonderman, Alan B and Hofman, Albert and Teumer, Alexander and Cox, Amanda J and Uitterlinden, Andre G and Wong, Andrew and Smit, Andries J and Newman, Anne B and Britton, Annie and Ruusalepp, Arno and Sennblad, Bengt and Hedblad, Bo and Pasaniuc, Bogdan and Penninx, Brenda W and Langefeld, Carl D and Wassel, Christina L and Tzourio, Christophe and Fava, Cristiano and Baldassarre, Damiano and O'Leary, Daniel H and Teupser, Daniel and Kuh, Diana and Tremoli, Elena and Mannarino, Elmo and Grossi, Enzo and Boerwinkle, Eric and Schadt, Eric E and Ingelsson, Erik and Veglia, Fabrizio and Rivadeneira, Fernando and Beutner, Frank and Chauhan, Ganesh and Heiss, Gerardo and Snieder, Harold and Campbell, Harry and Voelzke, Henry and Markus, Hugh S and Deary, Ian J and Jukema, Wouter J and de Graaf, Jacqueline and Price, Jacqueline and Pott, Janne and Hopewell, Jemma C and Liang, Jingjing and Thiery, Joachim and Engmann, Jorgen and Gertow, Karl and Rice, Kenneth and Taylor, Kent D and Dhana, Klodian and Kiemeney, Lambertus ALM and Lind, Lars and Raffield, Laura M and Launer, Lenore J and Holdt, Lesca M and Doer, Marcus and Dichgans, Martin and Traylor, Matthew and Sitzer, Matthias and Kumari, Meena and Kivimaki, Mika and Nalls, Mike A and Melander, Olle and Raitakari, Olli and Franco, Oscar H and Rueda-Ochoa, Oscar L and Roussos, Panos and Whincup, Peter H and Amouyel, Philippe and Giral, Philippe and Anugu, Pramod and Wong, Quenna and Malik, Rainer and Rauramaa, Rainer and Burkhardt, Ralph and Hardy, Rebecca and Schmidt, Reinhold and de Mutsert, Renee and Morris, Richard W and Strawbridge, Rona J and Wannamethee, Goya S and Hagg, Sara and Shah, Sonia and McLachlan, Stela and Trompet, Stella and Seshadri, Sudha and Kurl, Sudhir and Heckbert, Susan R and Ring, Susan and Harris, Tamara B and Lehtimaki, Terho and Galesloot, Tessel E and Shah, Tina and de Faire, Ulf and Plagnol, Vincent and Rosamond, Wayne D and Post, Wendy and Zhu, Xiaofeng and Zhang, Xiaoling and Guo, Xiuqing and Saba, Yasaman and Dehghan, Abbas and Seldenrijk, Adrie and Morrison, Alanna C and Hamsten, Anders and Psaty, Bruce M and van Duijn, Cornelia M and Lawlor, Deborah A and Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O and Bowden, Donald W and Schmidt, Helena and Wilson, James F and Wilson, James G and Rotter, Jerome I and Wardlaw, Joanna M and Deanfield, John and Halcox, Julian and Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka and Loeffler, Markus and Evans, Michele K and Debette, Stephanie and Humphries, Steve E and Voelker, Uwe and Gudnason, Vilmundur and Hingorani, Aroon D and Bjorkegren, Johan LM and Casas, Juan P and O'Donnell, Christopher J and Consortium, MEGASTROKE (2018) GWAS and colocalization analyses implicate carotid intima-media thickness and carotid plaque loci in cardiovascular outcomes. In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 9 .

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Official URL: http:dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07340-5

Abstract

Carotid artery intima media thickness (cIMT) and carotid plaque are measures of subclinical atherosclerosis associated with ischemic stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD). Here, we undertake meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 71,128 individuals for cIMT, and 48,434 individuals for carotid plaque traits. We identify eight novel susceptibility loci for cIMT, one independent association at the previously-identified PINX1 locus, and one novel locus for carotid plaque. Colocalization analysis with nearby vascular expression quantitative loci (cis-eQTLs) derived from arterial wall and metabolic tissues obtained from patients with CHD identifies candidate genes at two potentially additional loci, ADAMTS9 and LOXL4. LD score regression reveals significant genetic correlations between cIMT and plaque traits, and both cIMT and plaque with CHD, any stroke subtype and ischemic stroke. Our study provides insights into genes and tissue-specific regulatory mechanisms linking atherosclerosis both to its functional genomic origins and its clinical consequences in humans.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Department/Centre: Autonomous Societies / Centres > Centre for Brain Research
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2019 17:35
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 09:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61286

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