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High capacity MoO(3/)rGO nanocomposite anode for lithium ion batteries: an intuition into the conversion mechanism of MoO3

Patil, ShivarajB and Udayabhanu, Udayabhanu and Kishore, Brij and Nagaraju, G and Dupont, Jairton (2018) High capacity MoO(3/)rGO nanocomposite anode for lithium ion batteries: an intuition into the conversion mechanism of MoO3. In: NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, 42 (23). pp. 18569-18577.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8nj03190h

Abstract

MoO3 is a potential anode material for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) because of its high theoretical capacity (1117 mA h g(-1)). The major hurdles in realizing this high capacity are its low conductivity and large volume variations during intercalation/de-intercalation processes. To mitigate these shortcomings, we have synthesized reduced graphene oxide (rGO) wrapped MoO3 nanoparticles (NPs). This involves the synthesis of MoO3 NPs as the first step and then subjecting the synthesized MoO3 NPs to hydrothermal treatment along with graphene oxide (GO) sheets to form rGO wrapped MoO3 NPs. Electrochemical impedance spectra show that a 13% MoO3/rGO nanocomposite has the least conductive resistance among the different nanocomposites. Several physicochemical characterization techniques have been used to confirm the desired state of the obtained material. Ex-XRD studies were carried out to inspect the mechanism of MoO3 and found that it initially follows a simple lithiation/delithiation mechanism and later it adopts a conversion mechanism. The new architecture exhibits an excellent electrochemical performance by displaying a high first specific discharge capacity value (984 mA h g(-1)) and remarkable stability (901 mA h g(-1) even after 100 cycles).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 11:52
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 11:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61214

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