ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Globularization using heat treatment in additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V for high strength and toughness

Sabban, Rushikesh and Bahl, Sumit and Chatterjee, Kaushik and Suwas, Satyam (2019) Globularization using heat treatment in additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V for high strength and toughness. In: ACTA MATERIALIA, 162 . pp. 239-254.

[img] PDF
Act_Mat_162_239_2019.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (8MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2018.09.064


A bimodal globularized microstructure in contrast to martensitic laths is known to impart high strength and toughness in Ti-6Al-4V. Heat treatment for the phase transformation of the laths to the globularized microstructure must be preceded by plastic deformation. This work reports an innovative strategy to obtain the bimodal microstructure consisting of globular alpha in additively manufactured Ti-6Al-4V alloy by heat treatment alone. The heat treatment schedule involves repeated thermal cycling close to but below the beta transus temperature to form globular alpha eliminating the need for plastic deformation prior to heat treatment. A new mechanism of globularization other than known in literature is proposed to explain the formation of globular alpha. The inherent dislocation sub-structure of the martensitic laths initiates globularization by thermal grooving and boundary splitting but is unable to completely globularize the microstructure. Mechanisms such as cylinderization and edge spheroidization also do not lead to globularization. The purposefully designed thermal cycling causes oscillations in the volume fractions of alpha and beta phases that in synergism with the slow cooling segments of the cycle globularize the a phase by epitaxial growth. The bimodal microstructure thus produced led to a significant improvement in the ductility by 80% and the toughness by 66%, which are desirable for structural applications. Furthermore, beneficial compressive stresses were generated in the alloy because of cyclic heat treatment. It is envisaged that the exceptional combination of mechanical properties observed here will lead to the fabrication of SLM printed Ti-6Al-4V parts that could leverage the advantages of additive manufacturing with material properties that are comparable to those obtained by conventional fabrication routes. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belong to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords: Selective laser melting;Additive manufacturing;Ti-6Al-4V;Heat treatment;Globularization
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 06:38
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 06:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61207

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item