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A Mechanochemical Route to Cutting Highly Strain-Hardening Metals

Udupa, Anirudh and Viswanathan, Koushik and Davis, Jason M and Saei, Mojib and Mann, James B and Chandrasekar, Srinivasan (2019) A Mechanochemical Route to Cutting Highly Strain-Hardening Metals. In: TRIBOLOGY LETTERS, 67 (1).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11249-018-1117-8

Abstract

Highly strain-hardening metals such as Al, Ni, and stainless steels, although relatively soft, are well known as being difficult to cut, because of an unsteady and highly redundant mode of plastic deformationsinuous flowprevailing during chip formation. This difficulty in cutting is greatly ameliorated, if the workpiece surface ahead of the chip formation region is coated with certain chemical media such as glues, inks, and alcohols that are quite benign. High-speed imaging shows that the media effect a change in the local plastic deformation mode, from sinuous flow to one characterized by periodic fracturesegmented flow. This flow transition, due to a mechanochemical effect, results in significant reduction of deformation forces and energy, often >50%, thus facilitating the cutting. The effect is mostly pronounced at smaller undeformed chip thickness, typical of finish and semi-finish machining regimes. The quality of the cut surface, as measured by defect density and surface roughness, improves by an order of magnitude, when the media are applied. Furthermore, this surface is relatively strain free in contrast to conventionally machined surfaces. The mechanochemical effect, with a strong coupling to the flow mode, is controllable, with the media showing similar efficacy across different metal systems. The results suggest opportunities for improving performance of machining processes for many difficult-to-cut gummy metals.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS
Keywords: Metal cutting; Ductile-brittle transition; Mechanochemical effect; Large-strain deformation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 10:56
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 10:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61202

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