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Characteristics of monsoonal precipitating cloud systems over the Indian subcontinent derived from weather radar data

Sindhu, Kapil Dev and Bhat, GS (2018) Characteristics of monsoonal precipitating cloud systems over the Indian subcontinent derived from weather radar data. In: QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, 144 (715, B). pp. 1742-1760.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/qj.3328

Abstract

The convective area within a mesoscale convective system (MCS) contains intense convective cells or storms which themselves could be made of a single cumulonimbus cloud or several of them joined together. Interconnection between MCS evolution and storms has not been reported previously. We address this gap area by using the Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) data collected at four stations in India during the summer monsoon season of 2013. The four DWR locations selected have different climates ranging from coastal to semi-arid. Storm is defined as a set of contiguous radar pixels in three-dimensional space with a reflectivity threshold of 30 dBZ and the threshold criterion is satisfied in a volume of at least 50km(3). Monsoonal MCSs contain a few to more than 20 storms depending on geographic location and MCS life stage. The average area of storms ranges from 13 to 170km(2) while storm heights mostly lie between 6 and 10km. The growth stage of an MCS is characterized by a rapid increase in the number of storms, while their number and average area decrease in the dissipation stage. Storms occupy 30-70% of the convective area within an MCS and contribute 90-97% of the convective precipitation at any given instant. Thus, a few to several cumulonimbus clouds grouped together in a contiguous manner matter most for convective precipitation, making storm scale an important scale in the hierarchy of scales in tropical deep convective cloud systems. This has implications for cumulus parametrization as well as planning satellite payloads for observing precipitation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to WILEY
Keywords: CFAD; cloud system; convective area fraction; convective precipitation fraction; echo top height; MCS; storm
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2018 15:03
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2018 15:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61127

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