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Fractionation and Characterization of Lycopene-Oxidation Products by LC-MS/MS (ESI)(+): Elucidation of the Chemopreventative Potency of Oxidized Lycopene in Breast-Cancer Cell Lines

Arathi, Bangalore Prabhashankar and Sowmya, Poorigali Raghavendra-Rao and Kuriakose, Gini Chempakathinal and Shilpa, Shivaprasad and Shwetha, Hulikere Jagdish and Kumar, Sharath and Raju, Marisiddaiah and Baskaran, Vallikannan and Lakshminarayana, Rangaswamy (2018) Fractionation and Characterization of Lycopene-Oxidation Products by LC-MS/MS (ESI)(+): Elucidation of the Chemopreventative Potency of Oxidized Lycopene in Breast-Cancer Cell Lines. In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY, 66 (43). pp. 11362-11371.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1021/acs.jafc.8b04850

Abstract

Lycopene (LYC) has been correlated with the reduction of certain cancers and chronic diseases. However, the existence and biofunctionality of degraded, oxidized, and biotransformed LYC products in vivo have not been revealed. Therefore, this study aimed to screen and elucidate the potential bioactive lycopene-derived products in breast-cancer and noncancerous cells. LYC-oxidation or -cleavage products were generated using KMnO4. These oxidation products were separated as fractions I-III by silica column chromatography using gradient solvent systems. Further, LC-MS/MS (ESI)(+) was used to elucidate their possible fragmentation patterns and structures. Fraction II showed higher cytotoxicity (IC50 value of 64.5 mu M), cellular uptake, and apoptosis-inducing activity in MCF-7 cells. This fraction consists of major peak m/z 323, identified as apo-8,6'-carotendial. The cytotoxicity-inducing activity may be due to partial ROS generation with mitochondrial dysfunction. Further, the role of apo-8,6'-carotendial in the induction of apoptosis is demonstrated for the first time. These results illustrated that LYC-oxidation derivatives or metabolites are involved in growth inhibition of cancer cells. Exploration of specific oxidized-carotenoid products will give further insight into the field of nutritional biochemistry.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Keywords: lycopene-oxidation products; breast cancer; apoptosis; reactive oxygen species; mitochondrial membrane potential
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2018 17:27
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2018 17:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61112

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