ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

The nuclear transcription factor Rtg1p functions as a cytosolic, post-transcriptional regulator in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris

Dey, Trishna and Rao, Kamisetty Krishna and Khatun, Jesminara and Rangarajan, Pundi N (2018) The nuclear transcription factor Rtg1p functions as a cytosolic, post-transcriptional regulator in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 293 (43). pp. 16647-16660.

[img] PDF
Jou_Bio_Che_293-43_16647_2018.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA118.004486

Abstract

Rtg1p and Rtg3p are two basic helix-loop-helix, retrograde transcription factors in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both factors heterodimerize to activate the transcription of nuclear genes in response to mitochondrial dysfunction and glutamate auxotrophy, but are not well characterized in other yeasts. Here, we demonstrate that the Rtg1p/Rtg3p-mediated retrograde signaling pathway is absent in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. We observed that P. pastoris Rtg1p (PpRtg1p) heterodimerizes with S. cerevisiae Rtg3p and functions as a nuclear, retrograde transcription factor in S. cerevisiae, but not in P. pastoris. We noted that P. pastoris Rtg3p lacks a functional leucine zipper and interacts with neither S. cerevisiae Rtg1p (ScRtg1p) nor PpRtg1p. In the absence of an interaction with Rtg3p, PpRtg1p has apparently acquired a novel function as a cytosolic regulator of multiple P. pastoris metabolic pathways, including biosynthesis of glutamate dehydrogenase 2 and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase required for the utilization of glutamate as the sole carbon source. PpRtg1p also had an essential role in methanol metabolism and regulated alcohol oxidase synthesis and was required for the metabolism of ethanol, acetate, and oleic acid, but not of glucose and glycerol. Although PpRtg1p could functionally complement ScRtg1p, ScRtg1p could not complement PpRtg1p, indicating that ScRtg1p is not a functional PpRtg1p homolog. Thus, PpRtg1p functions as a nuclear, retrograde transcription factor in S. cerevisiae and as a cytosolic, post-transcriptional regulator in P. pastoris. We conclude that PpRtg1p is a key component of a signaling pathway that regulates multiple metabolic processes in P. pastoris.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae; signaling; basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor (bHLH); post-transcriptional regulation; metabolism; alcohol oxidase; metabolic pathway; methanol metabolism; Pichia pastoris; retrograde transcription factor
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2018 15:26
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2018 15:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61038

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item