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Bloom of the diatom, Biddulphia sp and ecology of Pulicat lagoon, Southeast India in the aftermath of the 2015 north east monsoonal rainfall

Santhanam, Harini and Farooqui, Anjum and Karthikeyan, Anandasabari (2018) Bloom of the diatom, Biddulphia sp and ecology of Pulicat lagoon, Southeast India in the aftermath of the 2015 north east monsoonal rainfall. In: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, 190 (11).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-7020-9

Abstract

Pulicat lagoon in the south-east coast of India is recharged with the highest fresh water influx annually during north-east winter monsoon. An abrupt heavy rainfall in November-December 2015 was a flood calamity in the region that inundated the lagoon. We investigated the physico-chemical characteristics and palynological profile of the surface sediments from the lagoon at water depth between 0.5 and 2m to understand the impact of the 2015 event. On the basis of a marine index', three zones were demarcated, the LC zone' (Araniar river-lagoon confluence, south), the LM zone' and the LL zone' (Kalangi river confluence, north) showing values of 4.55, 1.25 and 0.25, respectively, indicating the extent of tidal influence. The dissolved oxygen, pH and salinity ranged between 6.4 and 9.6mg/L, 7.96-9.23 and average 12.3ppt at different sites, respectively. The highest salinity (31 and 31.8ppt) was in the LC zone along with the highest dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentrations (275-288mmol/m(3)) too. The dissolved inorganic phosphates (DIP) ranged between 8.5 and 29.5mmol/m(3), which was relatively high. Sandy sediment, high sodium (Na+) and chloride (Cl-) ions too indicate the landward extension of seawater influx. Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and beta-uranophane (Ca(UO2)SiO3(OH)](2).(H2O) minerals show higher values with the dominance of olivine (MgFe)(2)SiO4) and quartz (SiO2) in this zone indicating magnitude of fresh water influx too through Araniar river. The highest calcium, magnesium and potassium ions were also observed in LC zone. Fe-rich goethite, calcite and aragonite were recorded at all sites but with dominance of illite in LL zone. Halite, an evaporite recorded from all sites shows inundation of the entire lagoon during flooding event. Results show a bloom of Biddulphia pulchella, B. biddulphiana and B. laevis in association with Cladophora in LC zone which serves as potential indicators of physico-chemical characteristics of the lagoon showing intense response to catastrophic events of floods due to above normal monsoon variability.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to SPRINGER
Keywords: Pulicat lagoon; Biddulphia; Northeast monsoon; floods; Coastal wetland; India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2018 15:25
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2018 15:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61029

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