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Enhanced storage ability by using a porous pyrrhotite@N-doped carbon yolk-shell structure as an advanced anode material for sodium-ion batteries

Veerasubramani, Ganesh Kumar and Subramanian, Yuvaraj and Park, Myung-Soo and Nagaraju, Goli and Senthilkumar, Baskar and Lee, Yun-Sung and Kim, Dong-Won (2018) Enhanced storage ability by using a porous pyrrhotite@N-doped carbon yolk-shell structure as an advanced anode material for sodium-ion batteries. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, 6 (41). pp. 20056-20068.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1039/c8ta06667a

Abstract

Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are undoubtedly the most promising alternatives to lithium-ion batteries considering the natural abundance, distribution and cost of sodium resources. Still, SIBs face challenges in the development of suitable anode materials due to the large volume change during sodiation/de-sodiation, which results in inferior cycling stability. Herein, we synthesized a yolk-shell structured pyrrhotite (Fe1-xS)@N-doped carbon (FS@NC) through a solution-based method and investigated its electrochemical properties for use in SIBs as an anode material. The optimized yolk-shell structured FS@NC with distinctive voids and a core exhibited a high reversible capacity of 594 mA h g(-1) over 100 cycles at 100 mA g(-1), excellent rate capability and superior cycling performance compared to core-shell and pristine Fe1-xS materials. During the charge and discharge cycles, the synergistic effect of the porous core (Fe1-xS) with empty voids and a defective carbon shell configuration provided a large electrode/electrolyte contact area and shortened the diffusion path for electrons and sodium ions. It also mitigated the structural degradation by accommodating the volume change during continuous cycles, which was confirmed by ex situ SEM and TEM analyses. To demonstrate a practical application, we assembled a sodium-ion full cell with an O3-type NaCo0.5Fe0.5O2 cathode and a yolk-shell structured FS@NC anode, and the results showed superior energy storage performance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2018 15:43
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2018 15:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61016

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