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Glottal Inverse Filtering Using Probabilistic Weighted Linear Prediction

Rao, Achuth M and Ghosh, Prasanta Kumar (2019) Glottal Inverse Filtering Using Probabilistic Weighted Linear Prediction. In: IEEE-ACM TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING, 27 (1). pp. 114-124.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TASLP.2018.2873897

Abstract

Glottal inverse filtering is a noninvasive method for getting the glottal flow estimate from the speech. In this paper, we propose a method for glottal inverse filtering based on probabilistic weighted linear prediction (PWLP) in which the speech is assumed to be the output of an all-pole filter with glottal flow as an excitation. First, we introduce a probabilistic interpretation of the WLP, and we propose a probabilistic temporal weighting as convolution of a binary vector and a fixed window. We construct the posterior distribution based on the PWLP likelihood and a Gaussian prior on the filter coefficients. The parameters are estimated using the Gibbs sampling. The experiments are performed using the Lijencrants- Fant (LF) model based synthetic data, a physical model based synthetic data of different vowels and real speech data. Results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the best of the existing state-of-the-art methods in terms of the normalized amplitude quotient by 0.035 and 0.12 for the LF model and physical model based synthetic data, respectively. The results based on real speech data show that the glottal flow estimated by the proposed method in the closed phase is flatter and has less formant ripple compared to existing state-of-the-art methods. We also show two key features of the proposed method: first, the proposed method does not need prior detection of glottal closure or opening instants. The temporal weights are learnt in a data-driven manner, which is often found to be high near the closed phase of the glottal cycle, second, the Gaussian prior helps in estimating the filter coefficients when the closed phase duration is small.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Keywords: Glottal inverse filtering; GIF; Gibbs sampling; probabilistic weighted linear prediction
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2018 15:43
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2018 15:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/61008

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