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Finite Element Analysis to Probe the Influence of Acetabular Shell Design, Liner Material, and Subject Parameters on Biomechanical Response in Periprosthetic Bone

Chatterjee, Subhomoy and Kobylinski, Sabine and Basu, Bikramjit (2018) Finite Element Analysis to Probe the Influence of Acetabular Shell Design, Liner Material, and Subject Parameters on Biomechanical Response in Periprosthetic Bone. In: JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 140 (10).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4040249

Abstract

The implant stability and biomechanical response of periprosthetic bone in acetabulum around total hip joint replacement (THR) devices depend on a host of parameters, including design of articulating materials, gait cycle and subject parameters. In this study, the impact of shell design (conventional, finned, spiked, and combined design) and liner material on the biomechanical response of periprosthetic bone has been analyzed using finite element (FE) method. Two different liner materials: high density polyethylene-20% hydroxyapatite-20% alumina (HDPE-20%HA-20%Al2O3) and highly cross-linked ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (HC-UHMWPE) were used. The subject parameters included bone condition and bodyweight. Physiologically relevant load cases of a gait cycle were considered. The deviation of mechanical condition of the periprosthetic bone due to implantation was least for the finned shell design. No significant deviation was observed at the bone region adjacent to the spikes and the fins. This study recommends the use of the finned design, particularly for weaker bone conditions. For stronger hones, the combined design may also be recommended for higher stability. The use of HC-UHMWPE liner was found to be better for convensional shell design. However, similar biomechanical response was captured in our FE analysis for both the liner materials in case of other shell designs. Overall, the study establishes the biomechanical response of periprosthetic bone in the acetabular with preclinically tested liner materials together with new shell design for different subject conditions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ASME
Keywords: biomechanics; bone density; stress profile; total hip replacement
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2018 13:58
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 13:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60996

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