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ZnGa2-xEuxO4 nanoparticles: 10 minutes microwave synthesis, thermal tuning of Eu3+ site distribution and photophysical properties

Hebbar, Deepak N and Choudhari, KS and Pathak, Nimai and Shivashankar, SA and Kulkarni, Suresh D (2018) ZnGa2-xEuxO4 nanoparticles: 10 minutes microwave synthesis, thermal tuning of Eu3+ site distribution and photophysical properties. In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 768 . pp. 676-685.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.07.308

Abstract

Microwave-assisted synthesis of red-emitting ZnGa2-xEuxO4 (x = 0.005, 0.008, 0.010, 0.012, 0.015) nanoparticles is reported. Salient features of this method are: 10 min are sufficient to obtain well-crystallized, phase-pure nanoparticles; synthesis upto 2 g/batch can be accomplished with high yields (>90%) at a low temperature of 200 degrees C; the obtained nanoparticles are near-spherical and of similar to 7 nm size as seen by HR-TEM; as-prepared nanoparticles show intense red emission at 615 nm due to the D-5(0) -> F-7(2) transition, when excited at 395 nm. The structural and optical properties of the ZnGa2-xEuxO4 were studied by XRD, HR-TEM, FE-SEM, FT-IR and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. ZnGa1.99Eu0.01O4 nanoparticles, which showed the most intense red emission, were studied for the effect of annealing (in air) on their optical properties. Annealing at up to 1000 degrees C (i) enhanced crystallinity and the crystallite size increased from similar to 7 nm in the as-prepared material to similar to 46 nm (ii) enhanced emission intensity, and moved the CIE coordinates towards red. Photoluminescence decay curves displayed two lifetimes, implying the distribution of Eu3+ (i) on particle surface (ii) within the host lattice; the distribution gradually changes with annealing. The peak fitting of the emission spectra implies C-2v site symmetry around Eu3+. A detailed Judd-Ofelt analysis has been presented. The samples annealed at 600 -800 degrees C showed similar to 58% quantum efficiency. The color purity could be increased to 87% by varying the Eu3+ content. Our report demonstrates the efficacy of swift microwave-assisted synthesis (10 min) in providing a red phosphor of high color purity suitable for LEDs and display applications. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Keywords: ZnGa2O4: Eu3+ red phosphor; Microwave-assisted synthesis; Luminescent property; Color purity; Judd-Ofelt analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2018 15:03
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 15:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60921

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