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Open and Closed Form of Maltose Binding Protein in Its Native and Molten Globule State As Studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Selmke, Benjamin and Borbat, Peter P and Nickolaus, Chen and Varadarajan, Raghavan and Freed, Jack H and Trommer, Wolfgang E (2018) Open and Closed Form of Maltose Binding Protein in Its Native and Molten Globule State As Studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. In: BIOCHEMISTRY, 57 (38). pp. 5507-5512.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.biochem.8b00322

Abstract

An intensively investigated intermediate state of protein folding is the molten globule (MG) state, which contains secondary but hardly any tertiary structure. In previous work, we have determined the distances between interacting spins within maltose binding protein (MBP) in its native state using continuous wave and double electron-electron resonance (DEER) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Seven double mutants had been employed to investigate the structure within the two domains of MBP. DEER data nicely corroborated the previously available X-ray data. Even in its MG state, MBP is known to still bind its ligand maltose. We therefore hypothesized that there must be a defined structure around the binding pocket of MBP already in the absence of tertiary structure. Here we have investigated the functional and structural difference between native and MG state in the open and closed form with a new set of MBP mutants. In these, the spin-label positions were placed near the active site. Binding of its ligands leads to a conformational change from open to closed state, where the two domains are more closely together. The complete set of MBP mutants was analyzed at pH 3.2 (MG) and pH 7.4 (native state) using double-quantum coherence EPR. The values were compared with theoretical predictions of distances between the labels in biradicals constructed by molecular modeling from the crystal structures of MBP in open and closed form and were found to be in excellent agreement. Measurements show a defined structure around the binding pocket of MBP in MG, which explains maltose binding. A new and important finding is that in both states ligand-free MBP can be found in open and closed form, while ligand-bound MBP appears only in closed form because of maltose binding.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2018 15:01
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 15:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60896

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