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Catalytic synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from Madhuca indica oil in supercritical methanol

Lamba, Neha and Adhikari, Sangeeta and Modak, Jayant M and Madras, Giridhar (2018) Catalytic synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters from Madhuca indica oil in supercritical methanol. In: ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, 173 . pp. 412-425.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.067

Abstract

Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) that are used as biodiesel can be synthesized in supercritical methylating agents such as supercritical methanol. While the synthesis can be conducted both non-catalytically and catalytically, the synthesis in the presence of oxides is significantly faster. In this study, FAMEs were synthesized by transesterification of a non-edible oil (Mahua, Madhuca indica) in supercritical methanol with a wide variety of oxides. The reaction was extensively studied with eleven different oxides, synthesized using the solution combustion method, as catalysts. In addition, the best two catalysts, namely MgO and Mn3O4, were synthesized using four different fuels in the combustion synthesis. The catalytic effect of all these oxides was investigated and conversions ranging from 5% to 100% were obtained over the investigated range of temperature from 503 K to 583 K, and with reaction time varying between 2 min and 80 min. Among all the catalysts, MgO synthesized with ascorbic acid as the fuel for the solution combustion gave the best results. Therefore, this catalyst was chosen and the influence of operating temperature for the transesterification reaction (503-583 K) on the rate of the reaction was studied. A pseudo first order kinetic model was obtained based on the proposed Eley-Rideal reaction mechanism and, the rate constants were obtained. The rate constants varied between 1.61 x 10(-3) s(-1) to 4.93 x 10(-3) s(-1) with an activation energy of 36 kJ/mol and a pre-exponential factor of 9.33 s(-1). The rate constant obtained for the non-catalytic supercritical transesterification with oxide as catalyst was significantly higher than the rate constant of 9.9 x 10(-5) s(-1) obtained for the non-catalytic reaction at 523 K. The activation energy for the catalyzed reaction (36 kJ/mol) was notably lower than the activation energy (75 kJ/mol) for the uncatalyzed reaction indicating the efficacy of the catalyst.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Keywords: Supercritical methanol; Mahua oil; Biodiesel; Metal oxides; Combustion synthesis; Kinetics
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2018 15:24
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2018 15:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60882

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