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Toward a Universal Structural and Energetic Model for Prokaryotic Promoters

Mishra, Akhilesh and Siwach, Priyanka and Misra, Pallavi and Jayaram, Bhyravabhotla and Bansa, Manju and Olson, Wilma K and Thayer, Kelly M and Beveridge, David L (2018) Toward a Universal Structural and Energetic Model for Prokaryotic Promoters. In: BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 115 (7). pp. 1180-1189.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.bpj.2018.08.002

Abstract

With almost no consensus promoter sequence in prokaryotes, recruitment of RNA polymerase (RNAP) to precise transcriptional start sites (TSSs) has remained an unsolved puzzle. Uncovering the underlying mechanism is critical for understanding the principle of gene regulation. We attempted to search the hidden code in -16,500 promoters of 12 prokaryotes representing two kingdoms in their structure and energetics. Twenty-eight fundamental parameters of DNA structure including backbone angles, basepair axis, and interbasepair and intrabasepair parameters were used, and information was extracted from x-ray crystallography data. Three parameters (solvation energy, hydrogen-bond energy, and stacking energy) were selected for creating energetics profiles using in-house programs. DNA of promoter regions was found to be inherently designed to undergo a change in every parameter undertaken for the study, in all prokaryotes. The change starts from some distance upstream of TSSs and continues past some distance from TSS, hence giving a signature state to promoter regions. These signature states might be the universal hidden codes recognized by RNAP. This observation was reiterated when randomly selected promoter sequences (with little sequence conservation) were subjected to structure generation; all developed into very similar three-dimensional structures quite distinct from those of conventional B-DNA and coding sequences. Fine structural details at important motifs (viz. -11, -35, and -75 positions relative to TSS) of promoters reveal novel to our knowledge and pointed insights for RNAP interaction at these locations; it could be correlated with how some particular structural changes at the -11 region may allow insertion of RNAP amino acids in interbasepair space as well as facilitate the flipping out of bases from the DNA duplex.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to CELL PRESS
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2018 15:24
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2018 15:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60881

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