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Upper layer diapycnal mixing and nutrient flux in the subtropical frontal region of the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean

George, Jenson and Anilkumar, N and Nuncio, M and Soares, Melena A and Naik, Ravidas Krishna and Tripathy, Sarat C (2018) Upper layer diapycnal mixing and nutrient flux in the subtropical frontal region of the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. In: JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS, 187 . pp. 197-205.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2018.07.007


Upper layer diapycnal mixing in the Subtropical Front (STF) was estimated using microstructure shear profiles collected from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean (ISSO) during the austral summer of 2012. Observations were made in the northern and southern boundary of the highly mesoscale turbulent STF, which is characterized by the presence of the dynamic Agulhas Return Current. During the observational period, the STF was populated with alternating cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies. In this mesoscale turbulent region, the average eddy diffusivity at the base of the euphotic zone was 5.5 x 10(-5) m(2) s(-1). The average diapycnal nitrogen flux at the base of the euphotic zone, calculated using direct turbulence measurements, and nitrate (NO3) and nitrite (NO2) concentrations, was 6.4 x 10-5 mu mol m(-2) s(-1). The satellite-derived primary production in the STF was similar to 1000 mg C m(-2) day(-1). The observed diapycnal nutrient flux could only sustain < 1% of the production observed in the region. Analysis of satellite-derived ocean currents, sea level anomalies, and thermohaline distribution further shows that despite the study area is a highly mesoscale turbulent region, the primary supply of nutrients is a result of advection (vertical or zonal) rather than vertical mixing.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Keywords: Nutrient flux; Turbulence; Diapycnal mixing; Eddies; Southern Ocean; Subtropical front
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2018 15:44
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 15:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60836

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