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Effect of spatial variations and desiccation cracks on the DPHP and MPHP sensors

Palaparthy, Vinay S and Mondal, Somenath and Singh, Devendra N and Baghini, Maryam Shojaei and Ananthasuresh, GK (2018) Effect of spatial variations and desiccation cracks on the DPHP and MPHP sensors. In: SENSORS AND ACTUATORS A-PHYSICAL, 279 . pp. 638-648.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sna.2018.06.056

Abstract

In sensing soil-moisture, there are inherent field related issues such as uncertainty and unpredictable distribution of minute amounts of trapped water and morphological changes of soil such as lumps and cracks due to desiccation. This poses problems for measurements done using a dual-probe heat-pulse (DPHP) technique that uses a narrow cylindrical sampling zone between heater and temperature probes. Thus, DPHP sensors are susceptible to errors. Hence, we studied and compared single-point and multi point soil-moisture measurements using the heat-pulse technique. For this, we designed and developed a multi-point heat-pulse (MPHP) sensor with three temperature probes that enhanced the sampling zone to a volume of 840 mm(3), which is three times that of the DPHP sensor. Sequentially deployed DPHP and MPHP sensors with spatial variations revealed that the maximum difference between the measured percentage of moisture from the DPHP sensor and standard oven-dried instrument was more than 10%, whereas for the MPHP sensor the discrepancy was only around 3%. Furthermore, when cracks appeared in the soil mass, it was observed that the discrepancy of DPHP sensor is around 16% while that for the MPHP sensor was still only 3%. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Keywords: Dual-probe heat-pulse (DPHP) sensor; Multi-probe heat-pulse (MPHP) sensor; Soil moisture; Low power sensor
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2018 15:07
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2018 06:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60817

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