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Nitridation of Sapphire as a Precursor to GaN Growth: Structure and Chemistry

Yaddanapudi, Krishna and Saha, Sabyasachi and Raghavan, Srinivasan and Muraleedharan, K and Banerjee, Dipankar (2018) Nitridation of Sapphire as a Precursor to GaN Growth: Structure and Chemistry. In: CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN, 18 (9). pp. 4978-4986.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.8b00299

Abstract

Nitridation of sapphire substrates is used as a precursor to the growth of GaN films to provide a wetting layer which is closer in terms of structure and chemistry to the overlayer. Nitridation has been carried out by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition at 530, 800, and 1100 degrees C in an environment of NH3 and H-2. The structure and chemistry of the nitrided layer grown at these different temperatures have been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron diffraction, high resolution electron microscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy. The low temperature nitridation process results in a nitrided layer in which oxygen has been partially replaced by nitrogen to form a cubic spinel-AL(x)O(y)N(z) structure. Nitridation at 800 degrees and 1100 degrees C results in complete substitution of oxygen atoms by nitrogen to form a cubic rock salt AIN structure. These structures are stable on thermal annealing at 1000 degrees C prior to epitaxial GaN growth.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2018 14:45
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2018 14:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60816

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