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Incorporating Surface Convection into a 3D Babcock-Leighton Solar Dynamo Model

Hazra, Gopal and Miesch, Mark S (2018) Incorporating Surface Convection into a 3D Babcock-Leighton Solar Dynamo Model. In: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 864 (2).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aad556


The convective flows observed on the photosphere (e.g., supergranulation, granulation) play a key role in the Babcock-Leighton (BL) process to generate large-scale polar fields from sunspot fields. In most surface flux transport (SFT) and BL dynamo models, the dispersal and migration of surface fields are modeled as an effective turbulent diffusion. Recent SFT models have incorporated explicit, realistic convective flows in order to improve the fidelity of convective transport but, to our knowledge, this has not yet been implemented in previous BL models. We present the first kinematic 3D Flux-Transport/BL model to explicitly incorporate realistic convective flows based on solar observations. Though we describe a means to generalize these flows to 3D, we find that the kinematic small-scale dynamo action they produce disrupts the operation of the cyclic dynamo. The cyclic solution is found by limiting the convective flow to act only on the vertical radial component of the magnetic field. The results obtained are generally in good agreement with the observed surface flux evolution and with non-convective models that have a turbulent diffusivity of the order of 3 x 10(12) cm(2) s(-1) (300 km(2) s(-1)). However, we find that the use of a turbulent diffusivity underestimates the dynamo efficiency, producing weaker mean fields and a shorter cycle than in the convective models. Also, the convective models exhibit bands of mixed polarity in the polar regions that have no counterpart in solar observations, and the poleward migration speed of poloidal flux is determined mainly by the meridional flow and the vertical diffusion.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to IOP PUBLISHING LTD, TEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Keywords: Sun: interior; Sun: magnetic fields; Sun: photosphere
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 15:27
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 15:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60730

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