ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

AMP-activated protein kinase promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cancer cells through Twist1 upregulation

Saxena, Meera and Balaji, Sai A and Deshpande, Neha and Ranganathan, Santhalakshmi and Pillai, Divya Mohan and Hindupur, Sravanth Kumar and Rangarajan, Annapoorni (2018) AMP-activated protein kinase promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cancer cells through Twist1 upregulation. In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE, 131 (14).

[img] PDF
Jou_Cell_Sci_131-14_2018.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (8MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1242/jcs.208314

Abstract

The developmental programme of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), involving loss of epithelial and acquisition of mesenchymal properties, plays an important role in the invasion-metastasis cascade of cancer cells. In the present study, we show that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) using A769662 led to a concomitant induction of EMT in multiple cancer cell types, as observed by enhanced expression of mesenchymal markers, decrease in epithelial markers, and increase in migration and invasion. In contrast, inhibition or depletion of AMPK led to a reversal of EMT. Importantly, AMPK activity was found to be necessary for the induction of EMT by physiological cues such as hypoxia and TGF beta treatment. Furthermore, AMPK activation increased the expression and nuclear localization of Twist1, an EMT transcription factor. Depletion of Twist1 impaired AMPK-induced EMT phenotypes, suggesting that AMPK might mediate its effects on EMT, at least in part, through Twist1 upregulation. Inhibition or depletion of AMPK also attenuated metastasis. Thus, our data underscore a central role for AMPK in the induction of EMT and in metastasis, suggesting that strategies targeting AMPK might provide novel approaches to curb cancer spread.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to COMPANY BIOLOGISTS LTD, BIDDER BUILDING, STATION RD, HISTON, CAMBRIDGE CB24 9LF, ENGLAND
Keywords: AMPK signaling; EMT; Twist
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 17:31
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 17:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60716

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item