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Enhanced Dielectric Properties of LaNiO3/BaTiO3/PVDF: A Three-Phase Percolative Polymer Nanocrystal Composite

Jaschin, P W and Bhimireddi, R and Varma, K B R (2018) Enhanced Dielectric Properties of LaNiO3/BaTiO3/PVDF: A Three-Phase Percolative Polymer Nanocrystal Composite. In: ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 10 (32). pp. 27278-27286.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b07786

Abstract

Polymer (poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)) nano crystal composites based on lanthanum nickelate (percolative oxide) and barium titanate were fabricated to obtain material systems with a high dielectric constant and low loss to be used for high-charge storage applications. Lanthanum nickelate (LaNiO3) nanocrystallites were synthesized from a simple citrate-assisted sol gel route that yielded agglomerated crystallites of an average size of 120 nm. The defective nature of the lanthanum nickelate nanocrystals was revealed by the transmission electron microscopy studies. Hot pressing method was executed to fabricate the LaNiO3/PVDF nanocrystal composites, and their dielectric characteristics showed a low percolation threshold in the region of f(LN) (volume fraction of lanthanum nickelate) = 0.10. The percolative conductive filler polymer nanocrystal composite at the percolation threshold exhibited a dielectric constant (epsilon(r)) and loss (D) of 55 and 0.263, respectively, at 10 kHz; the dielectric constant obtained was more than 5 times that of host matrix PVDF. To further improve upon the obtained dielectric properties from the two-phase composites, a high-dielectric-constant material, barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanocrystals, with an average size of 100 nm, was embedded in the polymer matrix as the third phase. The dielectric properties of the three-phase nanocrystal composites were measured as a function of the volume fraction of lanthanum nickelate (which was limited within the percolation threshold), and a dielectric constant as high as 90 and the associated loss of 0.13 at 10 kHz were achieved from f(LN) = 0.09 and f(BT) = 0.20. The obtained dielectric constant from this system is 9 times more than that of PVDF and 3 times that of a two-phase barium titanate/PVDF composite, which proves to be a promising material for charge-storage applications.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Keywords: lanthanum nickelate; barium titanate; percolation theory; dielectric constant; three-phase polymer composite; poly(vinylidene dfluoride); nanocrystals
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2018 15:37
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2018 15:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60704

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