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Toll-like receptor 2 deficiency hyperactivates the FoxO1 transcription factor and induces aging-associated cardiac dysfunction in mice

Spurthi, Kondapalli Mrudula and Sarikhani, Mohsen and Mishra, Sneha and Desingu, Perumal Arumugam and Yadav, Shikha and Rao, Swathi and Maity, Sangeeta and Tamta, Ankit Kumar and Kumar, Shweta and Majumdar, Shamik and Jain, Aditi and Raghuraman, Aishwarya and Khan, Danish and Singh, Ishwar and Samuel, Rosa J and Ramachandra, Subbaraya G and Nandi, Dipankar and Sundaresan, Nagalingam R (2018) Toll-like receptor 2 deficiency hyperactivates the FoxO1 transcription factor and induces aging-associated cardiac dysfunction in mice. In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 293 (34). pp. 13073-13089.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA118.001880

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of pattern-recognition receptors involved in innate immunity. Previous studies have shown that TLR2 inhibition protects the heart from acute stress, including myocardial infarction and doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in animal models. However, the role of TLR2 in the development of aging-associated heart failure is not known. In this work, we studied aging-associated changes in structure and function of TLR2-deficient mice hearts. Whereas young TLR2-KO mice did not develop marked cardiac dysfunction, 8- and 12-month-old TLR2-KO mice exhibited spontaneous adverse cardiac remodeling and cardiac dysfunction in an age-dependent manner. The hearts of the 8-month-old TLR2-KO mice had increased fibrosis, cell death, and reactivation of fetal genes. Moreover, TLR2-KO hearts displayed reduced infiltration by macrophages, increased numbers of myofibroblasts and atrophic cardiomyocytes, and higher levels of the atrophy-related ubiquitin ligases MuRF-1 and atrogin-1. Mechanistically, TLR2 deficiency impaired the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, leading to hyperactivation of the transcription factor Forkhead box protein O1 (FoxO1) and, in turn, to elevated expression of FoxO1 target genes involved in the regulation of muscle wasting and cell death. AS1842856-mediated chemical inhibition of FoxO1 reduced the expression of the atrophy-related ubiquitin ligases and significantly reversed the adverse cardiac remodeling while improving the contrastile functions in the TLR2-KO mice. Interestingly, TLR2 levels decreased in hearts of older mice, and the activation of TLR1/2 signaling improved cardiac functions in these mice. These findings suggest that TLR2 signaling is essential for protecting the heart against aging-associated adverse remodeling and contractile dysfunction in mice.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong toAMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC, 9650 ROCKVILLE PIKE, BETHESDA, MD 20814-3996 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2018 15:37
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2018 07:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60695

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