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Oxygen isotope enrichment in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain organic matter captures signature of relative humidity

Kaushal, Ritika and Ghosh, Prosenjit (2018) Oxygen isotope enrichment in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain organic matter captures signature of relative humidity. In: PLANT SCIENCE, 274 . pp. 503-513.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.05.022

Abstract

The oxygen isotopic composition (delta O-18) of plant organic matter (OM) is primarily governed by the delta O-18 of source water (delta O-18(SW)) and climatic factor of relative humidity (RH). Among the cereals, the growth of rice plants is critically dependent on the water availability in the growth-environment. In the present study, we investigated the sensitivity of delta O-18 in the bulk organic matter of rice grains to RH of their growth-environment. Our experimental setup consisted of both glasshouse and field experiments, where eight genotypes were grown at RH levels ranging from 67% to 87%. The delta O-18 measured in bulk grain OM and source water was used to calculate the net oxygen isotopic enrichment (Delta O-18(oM)). Regression analysis of Delta O-18(oM) with RH demonstrated a significant relationship (r(2) = 0.96; p < 0.0001), thereby implying that the isotopic signature of evaporative conditions gets recorded in the rice grain OM. In addition, our study involved a separate experiment that monitored the degree of oxygen isotope enrichment in water samples extracted from different parts of the rice plant. For this purpose, we sampled four of the above eight genotypes along with three other rice genotypes that were grown in both open cultivation fields and glasshouse. Water present in the culms, leaves, and grains were extracted quantitatively. Isotopic analyses revealed progressive O-18 enrichment of the water in the culms and leaves and intermediate enrichment values of that in the grains. Based on the isotope data, we validated mechanistic models for prediction of delta O-18 of the leaf water and that of the plant carbohydrates. The model predictions were in close agreement with the experimental observations. The study provides insights into the rice plant's oxygen isotope systematics that build the foundation for future applications of the stable isotope technique to study the interactions between rice and environment.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD, ELSEVIER HOUSE, BROOKVALE PLAZA, EAST PARK SHANNON, CO, CLARE, 00000, IRELAND
Keywords: Rice; Environment; Isotopic enrichment; Mechanistic model
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2018 14:55
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2018 14:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60651

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