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Analyzing Large-Scale Hydrologic Processes Using GRACE and Hydrometeorological Datasets

Banerjee, Chandan and Kumar, D Nagesh (2018) Analyzing Large-Scale Hydrologic Processes Using GRACE and Hydrometeorological Datasets. In: WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT, 32 (13). pp. 4409-4423.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11269-018-2070-x

Abstract

Water demand in India is growing due to its increasing population, economic growth and urbanization. Consequently, knowledge of interdependencies of large-scale hydrometeorological processes is crucial for efficient water resources management. Estimates of Groundwater (GW) derived from Terrestrial Water Storage (TWS) data provided by Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission along with various other satellite observations and model estimates now facilitates such investigations. In an attempt which is first of its kind in India, this study proposes Independent Component Analysis (ICA) based spatiotemporal analysis of Precipitation (P), Evapotranspiration (ET), Surface Soil Moisture (SSM), Root Zone Soil Moisture (RZSM), TWS and GW to understand such interdependencies at intra- and interannual time scales. Results indicate that 84-99% of the total variability is explained by the first 6 ICs of all the variables, analyzed for a period 2002-2014. The Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) is the causative-factor of the first component describing 61 82% of the total variability. The phase difference between all seasonal components of P and that of RZSM and ET is a month whereas it is 2 months between the seasonal components of P and that of SSM, TWS and GW. ET is observed to be largely dependent on RZSM while GW appears as the major component of TWS. GW and TWS trends of opposite nature were observed in northern and southern part of India caused by inter-annual rainfall variability. These findings when incorporated in modelling frameworks would improve forecasts resulting in better water management.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to SPRINGER, VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: GRACE; TWS; ICA; Spatial patterns; Temporal modes
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2018 14:57
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2018 14:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60640

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