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Dwarf irregular galaxies with extended HI gas disks: Suppression of small-scale spiral structure by dark matter halo

Ghosh, Soumavo and Jog, Chanda J (2018) Dwarf irregular galaxies with extended HI gas disks: Suppression of small-scale spiral structure by dark matter halo. In: NEW ASTRONOMY, 63 . pp. 38-47.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.newast.2018.02.007

Abstract

Dwarf irregular galaxies with extended HI disk distributions, such as DDO 154, allow measurement of rotation curves, hence deduction of dark matter halo properties to large radial distances, up to several times the optical radius. These galaxies contain a huge reservoir of dark matter halo, which dominates over most of disk. We study the effect of the dark matter halo on small-scale spiral features by carrying out the local, non-axisymmetric perturbation analysis in the disks of five such late-type, gas-rich dwarf irregular galaxies, namely, DDO 154, NGC 3741, DDO 43, NGC 2366, and DDO 168 which host a dense and compact dark matter halo. We show that when the gas disk is treated alone, it allows a finite swing amplification; which would result in small-scale spiral structure in the outer gas disk, but the addition of dark matter halo in the analysis results in a higher Toomre Q parameter which prevents the amplification almost completely. This trend is also seen to be true in regions inside the optical radius. This implies absence of strong small-scale spiral arms in these galaxies, which is in agreement with observations. Hence despite being gas-rich, and in fact having gas as the main baryonic component, these galaxies cannot support small-scale spiral structure which would otherwise have been expected in normal gas rich galaxies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2018 15:44
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2018 15:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60593

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