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Ultrafast Raman Loss Spectroscopy Unravels the Dynamics in Entangled Singlet and Triplet States in Thioxanthone

Kayal, Surajit and Roy, Khokan and Lakshmanna, Yapamanu Adithya and Umapathy, Siva (2018) Ultrafast Raman Loss Spectroscopy Unravels the Dynamics in Entangled Singlet and Triplet States in Thioxanthone. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, 122 (29). pp. 6048-6054.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5025823


Thioxanthone (TX), an aromatic ketone, exhibits significant solvent-dependent photophysical properties. Herein, we employed timeresolved ultrafast Raman loss spectroscopy (URLS) to decipher the solventdependent structural dynamics in entangled singlet and triplet states of photoexcited TX. The evolution of the vibrational spectrum reveals structural changes that occur during the intersystem-crossing (ISC) process and the subsequent energy dissipation to the surrounding solvent. The C=0 stretch (similar to 1320 cm(-1)) of TX in the excited state acts as the marker band as it undergoes a red shift with time constants of similar to 45 and similar to 5 ps in acetonitrile and methanol, respectively. Such a red shift is an indicator of the softening of the bond due to the change in the electronic spin states. We also observed a blue shift in Raman frequencies corresponding to the C=C stretch and the C=0 stretching modes of TX in acetonitrile and methanol, indicating vibrational cooling in the excited singlet and triplet states. In the case of TX in cyclohexane, vibrational modes at 190 and 415 cm(-1) exhibit a blue shift with a time constant of similar to 700 fs, which represents the structural distortion during internal conversion (S-2 -> S-1) process. The kinetics of amplitudes of these modes follows biexponential growth with time constants of similar to 3 and similar to 14 ps representing the time scales for the ISC process and the planarization process in the triplet state, respectively. The URLS study therefore provides a direct measure of the various stages of the solvent-dependent structural dynamics in the excited state of TX.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2018 16:00
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2018 16:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60484

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