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Large Landau-level splitting in a tunable one-dimensional graphene superlattice probed by magnetocapacitance measurements

Kuiri, Manabendra and Gupta, Gaurav Kumar and Ronen, Yuval and Das, Tanmoy and Das, Anindya (2018) Large Landau-level splitting in a tunable one-dimensional graphene superlattice probed by magnetocapacitance measurements. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 98 (3).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.98.035418

Abstract

The unique zero-energy Landau level of graphene has a particle-hole symmetry in the bulk, which is lifted at the boundary leading to a splitting into two chiral edge modes. It has long been theoretically predicted that the splitting of the zero-energy Landau level inside the bulk can lead to many interesting physics, such as quantum spin Hall effect, Dirac-type singular points of the chiral edge modes, and others. However, so far the obtained splitting with high magnetic field even on a h-BN substrate is not amenable to experimental detection, and functionality. Guided by theoretical calculations, here we produce a large-gap zero-energy Landau-level splitting (similar to 150 meV) with the usage of a one-dimensional (1D) superlattice potential. We have created tunable 1D superlattice in a h-BN encapsulated graphene device using an array of metal gates with a period of similar to 100 nm and carried out magnetocapacitance spectroscopy as a function of superlattice potential. At zero magnetic field we observe the modification of the density of states in our capacitance measurement which is consistent with the existing literature. At finite perpendicular magnetic field, we monitor the splitting of the zeroth Landau level as a function of superlattice potential. The observed splitting energy is an order higher in magnitude compared to the previous studies of splitting due to the symmetry breaking in pristine graphene. The origin of such large Landau-level splitting in 1D potential is explained with a degenerate perturbation theory. We find that owing to the periodic potential, the Landau level becomes dispersive, and acquires sharp peaks at the tunable band edges. Our study will pave the way to create the tunable 1D periodic structure for multifunctionalization and device application like graphene electronic circuits from appropriately engineered periodic patterns in near future.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2018 15:28
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2018 15:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60327

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