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Measuring the Hubble constant: Gravitational wave observations meet galaxy clustering

Nair, Remya and Bose, Sukanta and Saini, Tarun Deep (2018) Measuring the Hubble constant: Gravitational wave observations meet galaxy clustering. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 98 (2).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.023502

Abstract

We show how the distances to binary black holes measured in gravitational wave observations with ground-based interferometers can be used to constrain the redshift-distance relation and, thereby, measure the Hubble constant (H-0). Gravitational wave observations of stellar-mass binary black holes are not expected to be accompanied by any electromagnetic event that may help in accessing their redshifts. We address this deficiency by using an optical catalog to get the distribution of galaxies in redshift. Assuming that the clustering of the binaries is correlated with that of the galaxies, we propose using that correlation to measure H-0. We show that by employing this method on simulated data obtained for second-generation networks comprising at least three detectors, e.g., the advanced LIGO-advanced VIRGO network, one can measure H-0 with an accuracy of similar to 8% with detection of a reference population of 25 binaries, each with black holes of mass 10 M-circle dot. As expected, with third-generation detectors like the Einstein telescope (ET), which will measure distances much more accurately and to greater depths, one can obtain better estimates for H-0. Specifically, we show that with 25 observations, the ET can constrain H-0 to an accuracy of similar to 7%. This method can also be used to estimate other cosmological parameters like the matter density Omega(m) and the dark energy equation of state.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2018 14:53
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 14:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60285

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