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Automated identification of distinct events in an assembly process using tracking of body postures

Balaraman, Santhi and Chakrabarti, Amaresh and Gurumoorthy, Balan and Sen, Dibakar (2018) Automated identification of distinct events in an assembly process using tracking of body postures. In: CONCURRENT ENGINEERING-RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS, 26 (2, SI). pp. 198-207.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1063293X17745941

Abstract

An ergonomic assembly process is safer for operators and is more efficient in quality, time, cost and productivity. An assembly process is carried out in a series of distinct events. Ergonomic assessment of an assembly process therefore involves identification of the distinct events within the process and assessment of difficulty in carrying out each event, so that the process can be improved in an event-specific manner. So far, such assessment of assembly is carried out using video by identifying key frames manually. Manual identification of key frames consumes more time. To resolve this drawback, a novel approach has been proposed for tracking the body segments using electromagnetic trackers. It is done automatically in real time. Then, a data smoothening method is used for analysing automatically the tracked data to identify distinct events in an assembly process. An experiment in a laboratory setting is used in this study to test the following hypothesis: An event is characterized by gross movements at its beginning and its end'. This hypothesis encapsulates the essence of the signature in postural data, which is used by the proposed method for identifying distinct events within an assembly; the tracked data were used to identify this signature automatically from the trackers and the tracked data set with a threshold of movement for each body segment; using this threshold, gross motions and thereby starts and ends of distinct events can be identified. The method of identifying events was based on a reach experiment; thus, the variation of torso angle was studied in this work. The result of the study indicates that this method can be applied easily in detecting events in an assembly. Performance of the proposed method is compared with the traditional method and it is observed that the proposed approach outperforms traditional method in terms of time and accuracy.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, 1 OLIVERS YARD, 55 CITY ROAD, LONDON EC1Y 1SP, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 15:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60253

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