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Critical role of ZrO2 on densification and microstructure development in spark plasma sintered NbB2

Maity, T N and Biswas, Krishanu and Basu, Bikramjit (2018) Critical role of ZrO2 on densification and microstructure development in spark plasma sintered NbB2. In: ACTA MATERIALIA, 152 . pp. 215-228.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.actamat.2018.03.049

Abstract

The present work reports the densification and microstructure development in niobium diboride (NbB2) containing ZrO2, consolidated using four stage spark plasma sintering with final holding at 1750 C for 2 min. The adopted processing approach enables to obtain fully dense (99.6% pth) NbB2-ZrO2 ceramic with good mechanical properties. The sintered microstructure is characterized by the uniform dispersion of intragranular ZrO2 particles within the NbB2 grains. Fine scale microstructure analysis using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) together with HAADF (high angle annular dark field) technique reveals the dispersion of t-ZrO2 or o-ZrO2 and the defect structure including edge dislocations and asymmetric twins in o-ZrO2. An attempt has been made to rationalize the enhanced densification in terms of quantitative analysis of `constriction resistance' induced localized heating and defect structure. The evaluation of basic mechanical properties revealed that a combination of high hardness (similar to 22 GPa) together with moderate indentation toughness (similar to 5.2 MPa m(1/2)) can be achieved with solid state sintered NbB2 containing ZrO2. The present study, for the first time, conclusively establishes the role of zirconia in obtaining dense NbB2 with good mechanical property combination at relatively lower sintering temperature of 1750 (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2018 15:51
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2018 15:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60246

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