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Genetic relatedness does not predict the queen's successors in the primitively eusocial wasp, Ropalidia marginata

Chakraborty, Saikat and Shukla, Shantanu P and Arunkumar, KP and Nagaraju, Javaregowda and Gadagkar, Raghavendra (2018) Genetic relatedness does not predict the queen's successors in the primitively eusocial wasp, Ropalidia marginata. In: JOURNAL OF GENETICS, 97 (2). pp. 429-438.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12041-018-0926-8

Abstract

Ropalidia marginata is a social wasp in which colonies consist of a single fertile queen and several sterile workers. If the queen is removed, one of the workers, potential queen (PQ), becomes hyperaggressive and becomes the next queen. The identity of the PQ cannot be predicted in the presence of the queen. The probability of a worker succeeding the queen is uncorrelated with her body size, dominance rank, ovarian or mating status, but imperfectly correlated with her age. Here, we investigate whether genetic relatedness help to predict the queen's successors. We constructed models based on successors being (i) most closely related to the queen, (ii) most closely related to the immediate predecessor queen/PQ, or (iii) having the highest relatedness to the majority of the workers; and (iv) having the highest average relatedness to all the workers. We predicted five successors from each of these models using pair-wise genetic relatedness estimated from polymorphic microsatellite loci. We independently performed serial queen/PQ removal experiments and compared the observed sequence of successors with the predictions from the models. The predictions of none of the models matched the experimental results; on an average 5-6 individuals predicted by the models were bypassed in the experiment. Thus, genetic relatedness is inadequate to predict the queen's successors in this species. We discuss why relatedness sometimes predicts the patterns of altruistic behaviour and sometimes not, and argue that the cost and benefit terms in Hamilton's rule, i.e. ecology, should he vigorously investigated when relatedness does not have adequate explanatory power.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to INDIAN ACAD SCIENCES, C V RAMAN AVENUE, SADASHIVANAGAR, P B #8005, BANGALORE 560 080, INDIA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 17:31
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2019 10:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60197

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