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A Novel Approach to Modelling Nanoindentation Instabilities

Ananthakrishna, Garani and Krishnamoorthy, Srikanth (2017) A Novel Approach to Modelling Nanoindentation Instabilities. In: CRYSTALS, 8 (5).

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Abstract

We review the recently developed models for load fluctuations in the displacement controlled mode and displacement jumps in the load controlled mode of indentation. To do this, we devise a method for calculating plastic contribution to load drops and displacement jumps by setting-up a system of coupled nonlinear time evolution equations for the mobile and forest dislocation densities by including relevant dislocation mechanisms. These equations are then coupled to the equation defining constant displacement rate or load rate. The model for the displacement controlled mode using a spherical indenter predicts all the generic features of nanoindentation such as the elastic branch followed by several force drops of decreasing magnitudes and residual indentation depth after unloading. The stress corresponding to the elastic force maximum is close to the yield stress of an ideal solid. The predicted numbers for all the quantities match experiments on single crystals of Au using a spherical indenter. We extend the approach to model the load controlled nanoindentation experiments that employ a Berkovich indenter. We first identify the dislocation mechanisms contributing to different regions of the F - z curve as a first step for obtaining a good fit to a given experimental F - z curve. This is done by studying the influence of the parameters associated with various dislocation mechanisms on the model F - z curves. The study also demonstrates that the model predicts all the generic features of nanoindentation such as the existence of an initial elastic branch followed by several displacement jumps of decreasing magnitudes and residual plasticity after unloading for a range of model parameter values. Furthermore, an optimized set of parameter values can be easily determined that give a good fit to the experimental load-displacement curves for Al single crystals of (110) and (133) orientations. Our model also predicts the indentation size effect in a region where the displacement jumps disappear. The good agreement of the results of the models with experiments supports our view that the present approach can be used as an alternate method to simulations. The approach also provides insights into several open questions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to MDPI, ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2018 14:42
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2018 13:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60148

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