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Interfacial Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Joints of Commercially Pure Aluminum and 304 Stainless Steel

Murugan, Balamagendiravarman and Thirunavukarasu, Gopinath and Kundu, Sukumar and Kailas, Satish V and Chatterjee, Subrata (2018) Interfacial Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Friction Stir Welded Joints of Commercially Pure Aluminum and 304 Stainless Steel. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE, 27 (6, SI). pp. 2921-2931.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s11665-018-3389-4

Abstract

In the present investigation, friction stir welding of commercially pure aluminum and 304 stainless steel was carried out at varying tool rotational speeds from 200 to 1000 rpm in steps of 200 rpm using 60 mm/min traverse speed at 2 (degree) tool tilt angle. Microstructural characterization of the interfacial zone was carried out using optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Energy-dispersive spectroscopy indicated the presence of FeAl3 intermetallic phase. Thickness of the intermetallic layer increased with the increase in tool rotational speed. X-ray diffraction studies indicated the formation of intermetallic phases like FeAl2, Fe4Al13, Fe2Al5, and FeAl3. A maximum tensile strength of similar to 90% that of aluminum along with similar to 4.5% elongation was achieved with the welded sample at tool rotational speed of 400 rpm. The stir zone showed higher hardness as compared to base metals, heat affected zone, and thermo-mechanically affected zone due to the presence of intermetallics. The maximum hardness value at the stir zone was achieved at 1000 rpm tool rotational speed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2018 14:48
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 14:48
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60132

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