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Role of hydrodynamic shear layer stability in driving combustion instability in a premixed propane-air backward-facing step combustor

Hemchandra, Santosh and Shanbhogue, Santosh and Hong, Seunghyuck and Ghoniem, Ahmed F (2018) Role of hydrodynamic shear layer stability in driving combustion instability in a premixed propane-air backward-facing step combustor. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW FLUIDS, 3 (6).

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevFluids.3.063201

Abstract

This paper presents a global hydrodynamic stability analysis of flow fields in a backward-facing step combustor, assuming weakly nonparallel flow. The baseline experiments in a ``long'' combustor of length of 5.0 m shows the presence of two combustion instability states characterized by coherent low- and high-amplitude acoustic pressure oscillations. The analysis is performed for propane-air mixtures at three values of phi = 0.63, 0.72, and 0.85, which correspond to quiet, low-amplitude and high-amplitude instability states in the long combustor experiments. Base flow velocity and density fields for the hydrodynamic stability analysis are determined from time-averaged particle image velocimetry measurements made after the length of the duct downstream of the step has been shortened to eliminate acoustic pressure oscillations. The analysis shows that the shear layer mode is self-excited for the f = 0.72 case with an oscillation frequency close to that of the long combustor's fundamental acoustic mode. We showfrom an analysis of the weakly forced, variable density Navier-Stokes equations that self-excited hydrodynamic modes can be weakly receptive to forcing-suggesting that the low-amplitude instability in the long combustor is due to semi-open loop forcing of heat-release oscillations by the shear layer mode. At f = 0.85, the analysis shows that the flowis hydrodynamically globally stable but locally convectively unstable. Spatial amplification of velocity disturbances by the convectively unstable flow causes high-amplitude combustion instability in the long combustor case. These results show that combustion instability can be sustained by two different mechanisms by which acoustic and hydrodynamic modes being either strongly coupled result in fully closed loop forcing, or weakly coupled result in semi-open loop forcing of the flame by a self-excited hydrodynamic mode.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belong to AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 18:23
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 18:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60120

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