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Modulating In Vitro Photodynamic Activities of Copper(II) Complexes

Musib, Dulal and Raza, Md Kausar and Kundu, Somashree and Roy, Mithun (2018) Modulating In Vitro Photodynamic Activities of Copper(II) Complexes. In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (19). pp. 2011-2018.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201800081

Abstract

The photodynamic activities of selected copper(II) complexes Cu(L-1)B]ClO4 (1,2) and Cu(L-2)B]ClO4 (3,4), where L-1 = 2-(pyridin-2-yl)methyleneamino]phenol, L-2 = 2-(pyridin-2-yl)methyleneamino]benzenethiol and B are 1H-imidazo4,5-f]1,10]phenanthroline (L-3) and 1-(pyren-2-yl)-1H-imidazo4,5-f]1,10]phenanthroline (L-4), were studied in detail in a structure-activity relationship (SAR)-based approach to explore the role of S-coordination to Cu-II in photodynamic therapy (PDT) to human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells. Although all of the complexes were toxic in the dark (IC50 approximate to 10 mu m), we observed enormous enhancement (about 10 fold) in the cytotoxicity of the complexes in visible light (400-700 nm, 10 Jcm(-2)), resulting in IC50 approximate to 1.0 mu m. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in the HeLa cells during photoactivation of the complexes was examined by 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay. The degree of photocytotoxicity of the complexes is related to the O-1(2) generation. S-coordinated complexes exhibited enhanced photocytotoxicity due to the presence of the low-lying, long-lived triplet excited state and hence increased ability to generate O-1(2) from O-3(2) in a type-II photoprocess. We observed dual photosensitization of S-coordination and the pyrenyl moiety for complex 4, leading to a remarkable PDT effect in HeLa cells with IC50 approximate to 0.3 mu m, and the cell death was apoptotic in nature. Overall, a SAR-based approach in modulating the in vitro photodynamic activity of the copper(II) complexes is of paramount importance in designing copper-based next-generation PDT agents.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belong to WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, POSTFACH 101161, 69451 WEINHEIM, GERMANY
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2018 15:44
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2018 15:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60046

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