ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Protein stabilization by tuning the steric restraint at the reverse turn

Lahiri, Priyanka and Verma, Hitesh and Ravikumar, Ashraya and Chatterjee, Jayanta (2018) Protein stabilization by tuning the steric restraint at the reverse turn. In: CHEMICAL SCIENCE, 9 (20). pp. 4600-4609.

[img] PDF
Che_sci_9-20_4600_2018.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c7sc05163h

Abstract

Reverse turns are solvent-exposed motifs in proteins that are crucial in nucleating -sheets and drive the protein folding. The solvent-exposed nature makes reverse turns more amenable to chemical modifications than -helices or -sheets towards modulating the stability of re-engineered proteins. Here, we utilize van der Waals repulsive forces in tuning the steric restraint at the reverse turn. The steric restraint induced upon N-methylation of the i+1-i+2 amide bond at the reverse turn results in well-folded and stable -sheets in aqueous solution at room temperature. The developed superactive turn inducing motif is tolerant to a wide variety of functional groups present on coded amino acids making the designed turn fully compatible with bioactive loops in proteins. We demonstrate that the steric restraint and the functional groups at the reverse turn act in synergy to modulate the folding of re-engineered -sheets. Introduction of the turn motifs onto a three-stranded -sheet protein, Pin 1 WW domain, resulted in various analogs showing a cooperative two-state transition with thermal stability (T-M) ranging from 62 degrees C to 82 degrees C. Despite modulating the stability of Pin 1 variants by approximate to 2.8 kcal mol(-1) (G(f)), the native fold in all the protein variants was found to be unperturbed. This structural stability is brought about by conformational preorganization at the engineered reverse turn that results in strong intramolecular hydrogen bonds along the three dimensional structure of the protein. Thus, this simple loop engineering strategy via two amino acid substitution provides us a toolkit to modulate the stability of -sheet containing peptides and proteins in aqueous solution that will greatly expand the scope of de novo protein and foldamer design.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belong to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2018 15:44
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2018 15:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/60045

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item