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Effect of annealing temperature on the structural and magnetic properties of Ba-Pb-hexaferrite powders synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method

Choudhary, Harish Kumar and Kumar, Rajeev and Anupama, AV and Sahoo, Balaram (2018) Effect of annealing temperature on the structural and magnetic properties of Ba-Pb-hexaferrite powders synthesized by sol-gel auto-combustion method. In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 44 (8). pp. 8877-8889.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2018.02.074

Abstract

The annealing temperature (T-a) dependent development in phase purity, morphology and magnetic properties of BaxPb1-xFe12O19 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1) powders synthesized via sol-gel auto-combustion route were studied. The hexagonal phase of PbFe12O19 forms directly via solid-state-reaction between alpha-Fe2O3 and PbO during annealing of the combustion product at T-a similar to 900 degrees C, but the BaFe12O9 phase forms at T-a similar to 1200 degrees C through the formation of BaFe2O4 and alpha-Fe2O3 as intermediate-phases at low T-a. The BaxPb1-xFe12O19-phase purity of the samples depend on T-a. For T-a > 1000 degrees C, PbO evaporates from Pb-containing samples. With increasing T-a, growth of hexagonal-shaped sharp-edged particles was observed for Barium-rich samples, however, the sharp-edges dissolute for Lead-rich samples. High saturation magnetization was observed for Ba-rich samples annealed at 1100 degrees C. For all the studied samples, magnetic coercivity increases with x but decreases with T-a. The magnetic properties were correlated with the structure, microstructure and grain-size of the samples.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belong tELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2018 16:01
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2019 09:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59992

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