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Long-wavelength (reddish) hues induce unusually large gamma oscillations in the primate primary visual cortex

Shirhatti, Vinay and Ray, Supratim (2018) Long-wavelength (reddish) hues induce unusually large gamma oscillations in the primate primary visual cortex. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 115 (17). pp. 4489-4494.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1073/pnas.1717334115

Abstract

Gamma oscillations (similar to 30-80 Hz) are a prominent signature of electro-physiological signals, with a purported role in natural vision. Previous studies in the primary visual cortex (area V1) have shown that achromatic gratings or gabor stimuli generate salient gamma oscillations, whose strength and frequency depend on stimulus properties such as their size, contrast, and orientation. Surprisingly, although natural images are rarely achromatic, the effect of chromatic input on gamma has not been thoroughly investigated. Recording from primate V1, we show that gamma oscillations of extremely high magnitude (peak increase of similar to 300-fold in some cases), far exceeding the gamma generated by optimally tuned achromatic gratings, are induced in the local field potentials by full-field color stimuli of different hues. Furthermore, gamma oscillations are sensitive to the hue of the chromatic input, with the strongest oscillations for long-wavelength (reddish) hues and another, smaller gamma response peak for hues in the short-wavelength (bluish) range, which lie approximately on the two cardinal chromatic response axes of the upstream lateral geniculate nucleus neurons. These oscillations depended critically on the purity of the hue, decreasing with hue desaturation, but remained robust for pure hue stimuli even at reduced luminance. Importantly, the magnitude of gamma oscillations was highly correlated with positive L-M cone contrast produced by the stimuli, suggesting that gamma could be a marker of the specific mechanisms underlying this computation. These findings provide insights into the generation of gamma oscillations, as well as the processing of color along the visual pathway.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to NATL ACAD SCIENCES, 2101 CONSTITUTION AVE NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20418 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 May 2018 15:57
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 10:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/59867

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